A video produced by Goodwill Industries of Greater Detroit has earned national recognition in a YouTube contest hosted by Ben & Jerry’s Homemade ice cream. Goodwill earned “Best Taste of the City” honors and was named a national runner-up for its video titled “Don’t Mess with the D – A Ben and Jerry’s Detroit Top Ten List.”

This spring, Ben & Jerry’s challenged its Scoop Shops across the United States to create and promote a YouTube video, only requiring it to be three minutes or less in duration and to include at least one Ben & Jerry’s branded item. Goodwill Industries’ video features host Scoopy D, a mustachioed Ben & Jerry’s pint cup, counting down the top ten places in Detroit to enjoy some Ben & Jerry’s ice cream.

“YouTube and other social media channels have proven to be invaluable tools as we look for new ways to generate awareness and support as we lead the fight against Metro Detroit unemployment,” said Mark Lane, Goodwill Industries of Great Detroit director of public relations. “Our Ben &  Jerry’s PartnerShop in Detroit is one of a number of businesses we’ve developed here to support our job training and education programs and to create Metro Detroit jobs. The contest let us have some fun, showcase the city of Detroit and extend our brand online.”

In addition to national accolades, the video earned Goodwill Industries a $500 cash prize to support the organization’s efforts to help Metro Detroiters overcome employment challenges and earn jobs.

The Detroit Ben & Jerry's PartnerShop is owned and operated by Goodwill Industries of Greater Detroit. The store provides paid work experiences for Southeast Michigan youth with barriers to employment and offers tasty treats for Metro Detroiters looking to satisfy their sweet tooths. Proceeds from the PartnerShop support a range of Goodwill Industries programs designed to help the people of Southeast Michigan earn job opportunities by becoming trained, trusted and ready to work. The Detroit Goodwill PartnerShop is a rare model, perhaps the only one of its kind in the nation existing solely to support the fight against unemployment.

Goodwill Industries promoted its video through a multi-platform campaign featuring extensive Twitter and Facebook outreach, as well as through organizational e-mail blasts and by encouraging coverage from Detroit area news outlets.

For access the entire “Goodwill TV” YouTube Channel, visit http://www.youtube.com/user/goodwilldetroitpr.

To connect with Goodwill Industries of Greater Detroit on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/GoodwillDetroit.

To follow the organization on Twitter:

Goodwill Industries is the only organization in Southeast Michigan solely dedicated to helping local individuals overcome challenges and secure employment. In just the past two years of the organization’s nearly 90-year history, Goodwill Industries of Greater Detroit has placed more than 2,000 Wayne, Oakland and Macomb county individuals into new jobs, while providing education, training and career assistance to thousands more in the region.
UD Mercy

For the tenth consecutive year, University of Detroit Mercy is listed in the top tier of Midwest Regional Universities in the 2011 edition of the U.S.News & World Report's "America's Best Colleges." The University was once again ranked one of the top 30 schools in its category, the highest ranking Michigan university in the list.

“We are extremely proud that University of Detroit Mercy has once again been named one of the region’s best universities,” said University of Detroit Mercy Interim President, Michael Joseph. “While we are pleased that the rankings are a third-party tool validating who we are, they only tell part of the story. At UDM, we will always continue to provide a values-based education, preparing our graduates to be the next generation of leaders in their communities,” he added.

Highlights of the 2011 college rankings will be published in the September issue of U.S.News & World Report. The U.S. News college rankings group more than 1,400 accredited four-year schools based on categories created by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and compares them based on a set of 15 widely accepted indicators of excellence.

When the Motor City Was a Symbol of Strength
Why not view Diego Rivera's 'Detroit Industry' murals as a summons to renewed greatness?

Wall Street Journal
Tom L. Freudenheim


Is it naïve to visit today's Motown and find oneself uplifted by a city in so much trouble? I think not. For starters, the recently reconfigured, vast and encyclopedic Detroit Institute of Arts is probably America's most visitor-friendly art museum. Moreover, it houses the "Detroit Industry" murals of 1932-33—a spectacular series of paintings by Diego Rivera (1886-1957) unlike anything else in this country. Here's a forceful array of images— industrial settings in which huge machines seem to threaten the workers operating them—as well as smaller vignettes and other scenes in varying scales that unite to create an elaborate, iconographically layered environment that envelops the viewer.

Perhaps it was once acceptable to subsume this vast array of works under the category of "Mexican mural painting"—public art in the service of social and political messages that was an expression of the Mexican Revolution and defined by Rivera, José Orozco and David Alfaro Siqueiros. But pigeonholing the Detroit paintings that way doesn't do them justice. In her definitive book on these extraordinary murals, Linda Bank Downs suggests that "they represent the ethos of Detroit—the factory, working class, machines, and industry." Standing before them, surrounded by the magic of Rivera's now somewhat nostalgic imagery, one might also believe, at least temporarily, that the murals could inspire the energy needed for the city's revival.

The complexity of this mural effort cannot be overstated, and began with the commission from Edsel Ford, Henry Ford's son, who was a leading arts patron as well as Ford Motor Co.'s head. Also essential to the undertaking was the museum's director, W.R. Valentiner, who persuaded Ford to undertake this project. Rivera actually calculated the costs per square yard (there were more than 447 square yards in total), but the final contract was for just over $20,000 (more than $300,000 in today's dollars).

Working in fresco—essentially painting on wet plaster—requires dozens of steps to ensure the stability of the final mural. Assistants were also involved with the project, including a young English aristocrat and artist, Lord Hastings. A significant number of Rivera's preliminary studies were needed to refine the depictions of the many facets and personalities of Detroit's industry. It was to be both a readable celebration of place and an inspired creative effort.

The project was not without controversies. In the midst of the Depression, why was a foreign artist given this plum commission? The artist's political commitments were also questioned. Rivera was a devoted Communist, though this didn't seem to keep him from a busy social schedule cavorting with captains of industry. His politics came to a head only in 1934, with the destruction of Rockefeller Center's "Man at the Crossroads" mural, in which the artist had included a portrait of Lenin.

The once-palm-filled Garden Court at the Detroit Institute of Arts is now bare of anything but the Rivera murals, and some viewers have expressed regret at this loss of atmospheric effect. Yet the intensity of the paintings is so overwhelming that one wonders about an earlier era's sense of display. The massive north and south walls include three tiers of images and a complex iconography that would have spoken volumes to people at the time. They would probably have recognized some of the people whose portraits are included, and some percentage of the locals would have been able to read the industrial processes depicted. One is here reminded of Raphael's Vatican Palace frescoes, in which historical and mythical personages are depicted for viewers who were expected to be familiar with the images. There are other rich allusions to Renaissance art, such as the lower-level panels in grisaille, suggestive of Mantegna's altarpiece predellas.

"Production and Manufacture of Engine and Transmission," on the primary lower portion of the north wall, and the facing south wall's "Production of Automobile Exterior and Final Assembly" each convey an intriguing tension between the people actually doing the factory work and the monster-like machines with which, and under which, they are laboring. Indeed Rivera manages to capture not just the feeling of intense activity in an automobile plant but the kind of automaton-like rhythm we associate with assembly-line production. The viewer is left to ponder whether the workers are heroes of or subservient to their environments.

The narratives are clearly meant to elevate the workers' status. But at our distance from the time when these paintings were executed, blessed by hindsight, we might see them as victims—soon to be unemployed. It's this ability of great art to be read and reread that assures us of both its timelessness and its timeliness. Only on the south wall's lower right-hand corner is there a sense of brief respite from the factory's energy, as we see Ford and Valentiner quietly contemplating, but not quite entering into, this massive busyness they have created.

One could spend hours studying the minutiae in this grand array of visions actual and symbolic, and the two primary walls yield the richest visual bounties. But there's so much more to discover as one stands enveloped by the wonders of Rivera's imagery.

The benefits of technological advance are shown in a vignette of vaccination, depicted in a Nativity-like composition; the infant's face was modeled on the kidnapped Lindbergh baby, much in the news when the mural was painted. The pendant painting on that wall shows gas-masked men making poison gas—and each of these two smaller paintings is accompanied by images of cells, healthy and unhealthy, that reflect the narrative above. There's much more to gawk at as well. Massive figures of "The Red and Black Races" and "The White and Yellow Races" may look corny—or boringly Art Deco—to our cynical eyes, but they reflect Rivera's grand and inclusive vision, just as geological strata and Michigan's agriculture remind the viewer that industry exists within a comprehensive and nature-based world-view.

With justification, Rivera considered the Detroit murals his finest work. To some they might suggest the grandeur that was; to others, the inherent decay that follows moments of majesty. Why not also view those giant machine rotors as emblems of cyclical change, and therefore a summons to renewed greatness? There's a lovely irony in contemplating that this work by the 20th century's most important Mexican artist remains one of America's most significant monuments to itself.

—Mr. Freudenheim writes about art for the Journal.
Detroit Farmers Market Inspires Gluba
Quad-City Times
Tory Brecht

After a fact-finding trip to Detroit’s Eastern Market — one of the largest farmers markets and food distribution networks in the nation — Davenport Mayor Bill Gluba is itching to start something similar here.

The mayor and eight others — including aldermen, Levee Improvement Commission members and others with an interest in the local food movement — took two city vehicles on a whirlwind weekend tour of the five-block, year-round retail and wholesale market in Michigan.

“I envision something like this as a big deal for this part of the Midwest,” Gluba said. “Such a market could improve the performance of local growers, processors and distributors and retain more of the region’s food expenditures locally, as well as create more jobs and household income.”

Gluba envisions the currently vacant sections of the riverfront Freight House as the natural incubator for a growing “market district” in the central city. Although the Levee Commission currently is accepting various proposals for the building — including tenants who are willing to pay market-rate rent and start businesses in some of the space — Gluba said he supports a quasi-public use centered on an expanding market.

“I personally will be recommending that is the direction we should go,” he said.

Under the mayor’s proposal, the city would not charge rent and would consider the use of the building as in-kind support for the expanding market.

Darcy Rostenbach, president of the Freight House Farmers Market, said the organization thinks it is ready to take the next step and expand. In its proposal to the Levee Commission, officials from the market asked for an additional 8,000 square feet in the building that used to house a sports bar and comedy club.

The proposal also calls for the operation of a market store and restaurant that would be open daily to supplement the current twice-weekly markets. The restaurant would specialize in local ingredients and recipes from market vendors.

“I don’t feel we’re close to maxing out our potential,” she said.

Getting more people to the market and getting more growers to participate is a matter of matching supply and demand, she said. If the market grows large enough so someone can do most of their retail shopping — or a restaurant or institution can do its wholesale shopping there — more growers and producers will get involved.

Second Ward Alderman Bill Edmond, a native of Detroit who is familiar with its Eastern Market, thinks something similar can work in Davenport on a slightly smaller scale. He is particularly interested in seeing if some city-owned vacant lots and other unused parcels of lands can be converted into urban gardens tended by central-city residents.

“I feel very comfortable with this idea,” he said.

The Davenport group met up with former Renaissance Rock Island head Dan Carmody, who was hired as head of the nonprofit board that runs the Eastern Market.
Selective Echo

It’s a war of little battles. The residents fight by lighting their yards, videotaping drug deals, harassing scrappers and chasing off thieves.

Their enemy attacks in shocking ways. Like taking over the homes of bedridden old people. Like recruiting kids as dope-house spotters and runners. Like killing people’s dogs.’ – Detroitblogger John, Metro Times, 2010

In a masterful 2005 book, The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit, Thomas Sugrue sets out to explore in detail the causes of urban blight, crime, and inequality in a city that began its decline almost immediately after the end of World War II.

“The physical state of African American neighborhoods and white neighborhoods in Detroit reinforced perceptions of race. The completeness of racial segregation made ghettoization seem an inevitable, natural consequence of profound racial differences. … To the majority of untutored white observers, visible poverty, overcrowding, and deteriorating houses were signs of individual moral deficiencies, not manifestations of structural inequalities. White perceptions of black neighborhoods provided seemingly irrefutable confirmation of African American inferiority and set the terms of debates over the inclusion of African Americans in the city’s housing and labor markets.”

While Sugrue advises that to see Detroit as typical would be misleading, he concludes that the “differences between Detroit and other [cities] are largely a matter of degree, not a matter of kind.” Furthermore, he only touches upon the stories of residents in some of the most embattled and seriously affected neighborhoods. Sugrue’s important work lays out the larger institutional and social structures that forever have been at the heart of this long, stubborn decline.

Enter Andrew James, a Salt Lake City independent documentary filmmaker with solid ties to Michigan, who is directing a feature-length documentary about the residents in the Jefferson-Chalmers neighborhood that lies along the Detroit River, defined by the dramatic juxtaposition of well-kept streets and homes with abandoned property sites that are precarious markers of encroaching urban blight.

It might seem immediately tempting to capture the dystopia side of Detroit in the style of “RoboCop,” “The Omega Man,” or other post-apocalyptic films. However, in “Street Fighting Man,” James embraces the fresh potential impact of the contemporary documentary genre to augment the work of scholars and journalists and use emotion powerfully, purposefully, and persuasively to tell the story of James Jackson, a retired Detroit police officer, – a/k/a Jack Rabbit – and other residents who are fiercely determined to guarantee their neighborhood will not collapse and become another footnote in the story of America’s urban decline.

The film’s title is taken from Detroitblogger Joe’s article in the Metro Times noted above. As James explains, “Jackson’s neighborhood is sort of an island oasis in an urban desert and the residents there are being threatened by an influx of drugs, gang activity, and violence.”

And, like many entrepreneurial independent documentary filmmakers, James has turned to Kickstarter, an online crowdfunding platform, to raise $6,500 by Sept. 4 so he can make a second trip to the Detroit neighborhood and get enough footage for a 15-minute preview of the film. It eventually will run 90 minutes in its final form when it is completed by late 2011 or early 2012.

Those wishing to donate can pledge any amount. Depending upon the amount pledged, benefactors can gain a wide variety of benefits ranging from autographed DVD copies of the finished documentary to film credit acknowledgments as associate producer and to co-producer or executive producer credits along with other amenities. The film is produced by Katie Tibaldi and Michael Van Orden.

Rather than focus on the customary images of Detroit’s urban blight that viewers and readers of news would see or journalists would forage for striking newsworthy events, James seeks to pare the facts and zero in on the details of the daily grassroots struggles and the ‘little battles’, that often are fought at night. As he explains, “Our goal is for none of the subjects in the film to break the fourth wall. We are less interested in exploring why Detroit is suffering and more interested in showing the daily struggles of every day residents.”

In James’ documentary, the focus is on the conversations at meetings of neighborhood homeowners and business owners as well as the activities of residents who do not shy away from confronting and videotaping criminals on the streets in the area, banding together to mow overgrown lots, and planting new gardens in previously blighted areas. “In many ways, they put community action in Utah to shame,” he explains.

James is part of a growing number of independent creative artists who contribute significantly to Salt Lake City’s growing reputation for making films where emotions and themes form and flow into a provocative energizing discourse and ask viewers to suspend judgment, prejudice and political partisanship as they participate in the conversation and find voice for their own grassroots motivations. More recently, James co-directed “Cleanflix,” a documentary about the sanitized film movement in Utah, with Joshua Ligairi. The film has enjoyed a healthy presence on the juried festival circuit including the Toronto International Film Festival, Michael Moore’s invite-only Traverse City Film Festival and Thom Powers’ Stranger Than Fiction film series at the IFC Center in NYC. In 2008, “Una Vida Mejor,” a small fiction film he wrote and directed about the lives of southern California migrant workers, won the Cinequest special jury prize for artistic vision.
SPEAKEasy Blog

If you haven’t already heard from my previous post, my recent bus tour of the City of Detroit helped me discover many gems of the city and inspired me to explore more. Though I’ve very little room to talk, as I am a Metro-Detroiter myself, I’ve found these gems are often overlooked. I believe my tour guide, Jeanette, said it best by saying, “People locally have no idea what other people from around the world come to see.”

Below is a list of my new found knowledge of the city obtained from my exclusive Inside Detroit tour. I hope this inspires and motivates you to explore all the great wonders of Detroit the same way it inspired and motivated me.

1. Detroit’s motto, shown on the city seal, means “We hope for better things. It will arise from the ashes.”

2. Detroit is the only city to win three major sports championships in one year. The Red Wings, Lions and Tigers all won in the 1935-36 season.

3. There are over 125 bars and restaurants within the one square mile of Downtown Detroit, including the first Coney Island restaurant.

4. Despite its name, the Detroit River is actually a strait. Confusingly enough, the name comes from the French “Rivière du Détroit”, which translates to “River of the Strait”.

5. The Renaissance Center, located on Detroit’s RiverWalk, is so large it has its own zip code.

6. Detroit has the second largest theater district in the country with over 13,000 theater seats in a two block radius.

7. Downtown Detroit has 37 percent less crime than the national average.

8. Martin Luther King Jr. gave part of his “I Have a Dream” speech for the very first time in Detroit when he marched on Woodward Ave.

9. Many of Motown’s greatest hits, including my favorite, “My Girl” by The Temptations, were recorded in the basement of a house on W. Grand Boulevard. This home was bought by Berry Gordy Jr. and named “Hitsville U.S.A”, which now operates as Motown’s Historical Muesum.

10. The City of Detroit has nearly 40 square miles of vacant land.

Interested in learning more about the city, but don’t know where to start? Check out Detroit Moxies’ “40 Things to Do in Detroit Before You’re Dead.” As for me, I think my next stop is Harmonie Park to spot Richard Gere as he films his newest movie.

Where are you headed?
Bloomberg Businessweek

Excerpt From Original Article

3. Michigan

Biggest home-price increase projected in 2014: Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn metro

Forecast 4-year price increase: 33.1%
Current median price: $51,000
Prices to reach trough in: 2011 Q2
Median family income: $54,400
Population: 1.92 million

Since reaching a peak in 2006, home prices in the Detroit area have fallen 60.5%, according to the Fiserv Case-Shiller Indexes. As homes have become more affordable — the median home price in Detroit is lower than the median family income — demand is expected to pick up. Prices are forecast to jump 33.1% over the next four years. George Moma, a broker with Century 21 Dupont Realtors, says the growing prevalence of short sales over foreclosures will help drive up the median price in the Detroit metro area. He adds that the area is attracting interest among international investors from the U.K., Dubai, Russia, India, Ireland and France.

Index used to calculate historical home price changes: Case-Shiller

The Westin Book Cadillac Detroit has been awarded AAA's prestigious Four-Diamond rating for hospitality industry excellence.  The 453-room luxury hotel opened in 2008 following a $200 million redevelopment of the historic hotel that originally opened in 1924. The Book joins 14 other AAA Four-Diamond hotels in Michigan including its sister properties in Southfield and at Detroit's Metro Airport.

"We are pleased and honored to be awarded the AAA Four-Diamond distinction," said Westin Book Cadillac General Manager Tim Freisen. "We are most proud of our associates who make a standard of excellence their priority every day."  The Book has been recognized by several organizations including awards this year for best hotel by Hour Detroit, Michigan Meeting & Events, and Meetings Mid-America publications.

The AAA Four Diamond rating is assigned to lodgings that feature upscale accommodations and offer an extensive array of amenities combined with a high degree of hospitality, service and attention to detail.  AAA inspectors evaluate and rate more than 58,000 lodgings and restaurants.  Individually, they conduct more than 1,100 property evaluations per year.  AAA's Diamond rating system is the only ratings system that covers all of North America and is one of only two that conducts physical, on-site evaluations.

In 2010, a total of 1,267 hotels and 749 restaurants throughout the United States, Canada, Mexico and the Caribbean received the AAA Four Diamond Award.   AAA Four- Diamond hotels and restaurants represent just 3.5 percent of the 58,000 AAA Approved and Diamond rated properties. For more information on the AAA Diamond rating process, visit: AAA.com/Diamonds.

The Westin Book Cadillac Detroit is located at 1414 Washington Blvd., Detroit, MI 48226. For more information go to www.bookcadillacwestin.com, or call 313-442-1600.
Chicago Tribune

The Detroit District Council of the Urban Land Institute is honoring Edsel B. Ford II and Compuware's Peter Karmanos for their contributions toward the development of Campus Martius Park in downtown Detroit.

The business leaders on Nov. 11 will be given the group's inaugural Placemaker Award and recognized for helping revitalize the city. New York City Planning Commissioner Amanda M. Burden will present the award.

The Placemaker Award aims honor those who have made a positive impact on quality of life through land use. The park opened in 2004.

Ford is the great-grandson of Ford Motor Co. founder Henry Ford. Karmanos is the chairman and CEO of software and services company Compuware Corp., which is headquartered across the street from the park.
Bill Vlasic
New York Times

After a dismal period of huge losses and deep cuts that culminated in the Obama administration’s bailout of General Motors and Chrysler, the gloom over the American auto industry is starting to lift.

Jobs are growing. Factory workers are anticipating their first healthy profit-sharing checks in years. Sales are rebounding, with the Commerce Department reporting Friday that automobiles were a bright spot in July’s mostly disappointing retail sales.

The nascent comeback is far from a finished product. Foreign competitors are leaner and stronger, accounting for more than half of all car sales in this country. The sputtering economic rebound is spooking investors and consumers alike, threatening to derail some of Detroit’s gains. And talks next year on a new contract with the United Automobile Workers could revive old hostilities.

Still, the improving mood here reflects real changes in how Detroit is doing business — and a growing sense that the changes are turning the Big Three around, according to industry executives and analysts tracking the recovery.

Ford made more money in the first six months of this year than in the previous five years combined. G.M. is profitable and preparing for one of the biggest public stock offerings in American history. Even Chrysler, the automaker thought least likely to survive the recession, is hiring new workers.

Many of the excesses of the past — overproduction, bloated vehicle lineups, expensive rebates — are gone. All three carmakers have shed workers, plants and brands. And a new breed of top management — the three chief executives are outsiders to Detroit, as is the newly named G.M. chief executive — says it is determined to keep the Big Three lean, agile and focused on building better cars that earn a profit.

“What we’ve come out of this with,” said Sergio Marchionne, who runs both Chrysler and its Italian owner Fiat, “are much more rational, more grounded players making moves for the long term.”

The proof is emerging in dealer showrooms, where customers are buying more of Detroit’s cars and paying higher prices. In July, G.M., Ford and Chrysler sold their vehicles at an average price of $30,400 — $1,350 more than a year ago and higher than an overall industry gain of $1,100, according to the auto research Web site Edmunds.com.

With fewer factories churning out products, inventories are smaller and sales incentives like rebates and low-interest financing are gradually declining. “They were nibbling at these issues before, a little bit here and a little bit there,” said Jeremy Anwyl, Edmund’s chief executive. “It’s just different now that they are in fighting shape.”

Detroit has vowed to change before, slimming down when sales slumped or pouring resources into vehicle quality to catch up to foreign competitors. Those efforts stalled or failed. But many auto analysts say the current makeover has a more permanent feel, largely because of the presence of the outsiders at the top and the lessons learned from the near-death experience of last year’s bankruptcies at G.M. and Chrysler.

Ford’s chief executive, Alan R. Mulally, broke the mold four years ago when he came from Boeing and set out to streamline Ford’s bureaucracy and integrate its worldwide operations. At G.M., Edward E. Whitacre Jr., a former AT&T chief, has replaced dozens of top officials with outsiders and younger executives, and driven the company to make decisions faster. Those efforts are likely to be accelerated under Daniel F. Akerson, who was named on Thursday to succeed Mr. Whitacre as chief executive in September.

And at Chrysler, Mr. Marchionne, an Italian raised in Canada who is both a lawyer and an accountant, is systematically upgrading the carmaker’s aged product lineup and revamping its plants in Fiat’s image.

“Fundamentally this thing has been reshaped, resized and rethought,” Mr. Marchionne said of Detroit. The biggest difference, he said, is that the Big Three have finally broken the habit of reflexively raising incentives to increase sales volumes.

“We’re not trying to kill each other for this month’s market share,” he said. “Those days are over. We’re not offering $7,000 checks to try to sell a car.”

Wave after wave of plant closings and worker buyouts in recent years has brought Detroit’s production more in line with the demand for its vehicles. Since 2000, the number of Big Three assembly plants in North America has dropped to 40, from 66, according to the consulting firm Oliver Wyman. In turn, overall capacity has shrunk to about eight million vehicles a year, from 13.7 million.

That still may be too much. After several years of sales topping 16 million vehicles, the industry nosedived to 10.4 million last year — the lowest since 1982. At current levels, sales are projected to edge up to about 12 million this year, with Detroit’s share running at 46 percent.

“They carved out a lot of capacity, but I’m not sure it was enough,” said Peter Morici, an economist at the University of Maryland. “There’s still an excess.”

Even under the most hopeful assumptions, a resuscitated United States auto industry in the end would account for less than 3.5 percent of the country’s economic output, economists estimate, compared to 4.6 percent in the late 1970s. But the Obama administration, which argues that the comeback is long-term and sustainable, contends that the Big Three have downsized enough to be profitable with fewer sales.

“They were just barely making money or breaking even in a market of 16 to 17 million a year,” said Brian Deese, a member of President Obama’s auto task force. “The companies are positioned now to move forward in an environment of 11 to 12 million in sales.”

Some Republicans and other critics of the administration are less bullish, and suggest it is too early to know if the restructuring will stick or how much credit the federal assistance is due. That debate will likely play out in the November midterm elections, but in the meantime some of the raw numbers are falling Detroit’s way.

The bankruptcies at G.M. and Chrysler slashed debt, jobs and labor costs, and revised union contracts have brought manufacturing expenses more in line with factories in this country operated by Toyota and other foreign automakers.

The average production worker at G.M. earns $57 an hour in wages and benefits, compared to $51 at Toyota, according to a study by the Center for Automotive Research in Ann Arbor, Mich.

Those costs should continue to fall as the companies hire new workers at lower pay grades agreed to by the U.A.W.

“What’s come out of this crisis is a realization that the interests of both sides are aligned,” Harley Shaiken, a labor professor at the University of California, Berkeley, said of workers and management.

That alignment could be tested next year when the Detroit companies negotiate a new contract with the U.A.W. The union’s president, Bob King, has vowed to get back some of the concessions made in the bankruptcies.

For now, though, the industry is adding jobs for the first time in a decade. More than 330,000 jobs were lost by the American automakers and their suppliers in 2008, White House officials said, while 55,000 jobs have been added since Chrysler and G.M. emerged from bankruptcy in the summer of 2009.

Chrysler, which cut more than half its work force since 2005, has added 3,100 jobs this year, including white-collar jobs at its headquarters in suburban Detroit. The company is recruiting again on college campuses and bringing in entry-level engineers and managers.

One of the first new hires was James Kim, an electrical engineer who recently graduated from the University of Michigan. Mr. Kim also had job offers from Verizon and other companies.

“I saw an opportunity to get into a company that was rebuilding itself from the ground up,” said Mr. Kim. “It’s almost like going to a start-up business.”

Another new white-collar worker, Davida Redmond, joined Chrysler after taking a buyout from Caterpillar. “I felt like the worst was over in Detroit,” she said. “The storm is behind us.”

But for the recovery to last, some economists say, several things need to happen, including continued improvements in quality, a relentless focus on cutting costs — and some luck on the economy’s overall strength.

“Their recovery is not sustainable yet,” said Mr. Morici, the economist. “They need to reduce their costs more if they’re going to be competitive in the long term with the Japanese, the Koreans and ultimately the Chinese.”

Top management says it is well aware of the rough patches ahead. “We still have important work to do,” said Mr. Akerson, the incoming G.M. boss.

Even so, optimism is building in the offices and plants and engineering labs of the Detroit companies, employees say. And promising new electrified vehicles like the Chevrolet Volt and small cars like the Ford Fiesta are slowly changing consumer perceptions that the Big Three are behind the times.

“It wasn’t long ago that people had just written them off,” said Mr. Shaiken, the labor professor. “But they live to fight another day.”